Silence your inner critic
Posted on March 9, 2020 by nowflourishblog
Could do better?
Self-evaluation can be an effective instrument, but if we have a small voice in our head telling us constantly about our shortcomings, that critical observation can begin to block the light and cause a downward emotional spiral.
Negative thoughts like these are learned. We are not born self-critical. So how have we learned to think like this? As children, we may internalise negative experiences from parents, teachers and others by becoming withdrawn, sad, feeling unloved, imagining that we could have done better. Another theory suggests that genetically, we may be predisposed to look inwardly and seek personal flaws. Whatever the reason, we may end take viewpoint that we are not architects of our own accomplishments; success is always down to luck or someone else’s abilities, while failure is due to our personal error.
As this becomes an ingrained pattern, we may not even notice it. Often it is our friends or family members who point these traits out to us. “Why do you beat yourself up?” is a common question.
Because our thoughts dictate our feelings and in turn our behaviours, being overly and constantly self-critical can lead to depression, anxiety and low self-esteem. Putting ourselves down can open us up to being treated inappropriately by others, which may make us wonder why we seem often to be on the receiving end of negative influences. “Why does it always happen to me?” is a typical response.
A positive perception of ourselves, on the other hand, provides an energy and attractiveness that can help us draw positive outcomes into our lives. We probably all know someone who is able to talk objectively but positively about their own achievements without appearing conceited. Somehow that positivity creates its own magic. What we expect is often what we get. It is what we call a self-fulfilling prophecy.
So how do we silence the critical voice?
Count your victories
Research has shown that people who seek perfection in themselves often seek out negative memories which confirm how far they are from their ideal1. Recalling and replaying positive memories, however, can repair low mood2. Some cultures discourage outward shows of accomplishment and place an emphasis on modesty. But bringing out your light, to yourself (always) and to others (on occasion) can help us feel better about ourselves and begin to banish the critical inner voice.
Writing a brainstorm of past achievements on a timeline can help us connect with our successes, conquer embarrassment and learn a new way of seeing ourselves. Continuing by writing a daily log of accomplishments helps to form a positive habit. Another option is to notice our thoughts and disassociate ourselves from them. Start with : "That's the critical head dropping its poison in again."
In a time where we are striving to be the best mother, father, partner, employee, son, daughter, student - fuelled by our own conscience and the media images to which we are exposed - it is time to remember we are good enough. Just as we are. With our flaws and errors. We have made mistakes but have got it right far more often. We are doing our best as human beings.
Find the feelgood factors
If we can acknowledge that we are good enough, then we can accept that we deserve to be happy and that our happiness is not contingent on what we do, but on who we are. This fosters the core belief that we can indulge in activities that make us feel uplifted, energised or simply contented.
Wellbeing can be fostered by a ‘duvet day’ with a good book or film, having coffee with a close friend, opening the paint box, playing a musical instrument or any of a million things that may gladden the soul. We do not always have to be earning, producing or caring for others. We can go off the ‘production grid’ and just be.
Get out more
Research has shown that access to green space improves mental wellbeing and also assists in recovery3. A minimum of 15 minutes in the sunshine each day with sleeves rolled up is likely to give the body its requisite amount of vitamin D. Studies have explored a link between vitamin D efficiency and low mood. But are there other aspects to green space access that we should be thinking about? Studies by Ulrich (1979, 1981, 1984, 1991b, 2002) showed that just viewing the natural environment goes beyond aesthetic pleasure to include greater emotional well-being, reduced stress and better health. Gall bladder patients exposed to views of nature or trees had shorter post-operative stays, required less pain relief, and received better staff evaluations than their counterparts given a view of a wall.
It is reasonable to ascribe some feelings of wellbeing to the sensory input derived from being outdoors. The sound of the elements, fragrance of plants, sunlight, colour, movement. Before humans walked the earth, plant-life was here. Is it any wonder our primitive selves want to connect with it?
Review your social connections
People who are self-critical often feel they have the friends they deserve. When we are emotionally robust and clear headed, we can step back and assess which friends bring us joy and which sap us of positive energy.
There are many ways to define friendship. If we seek friends solely in order not to be alone, we can end up with superficial relationships, or even toxic ones. Companionship at any cost can be dangerous. Reliable, thoughtful, kind friends, on the other hand are one of the greatest assets to our happiness and wellbeing.
Marcel Proust commented that friends are ‘the charming gardeners that make our souls blossom’. Indeed, one way to look at friendship is as a state of mutual nurturing such that we can grow as individuals while still remaining connected to others. We encourage each other’s successes and share each other’s sorrows.
Be compassionate with yourself
Our unconscious mind believes the stories we tell it. Imagine someone who constantly tells us that we are not quite good enough and must try harder. If we constantly weave this story in our own minds, that is the message that our unconscious mind accepts as reality. The unconscious is not like our rational conscious mind; it accepts thoughts as truths and acts accordingly.
Theodore Roosevelt once said that comparison is the thief of joy. Comparing ourselves with others means we forget to nurture what is special and unique about ourselves. We give away our own power. What is more, we never know other people’s whole story. The svelte, wealthy woman stepping out of her four-by-four may have a difficult husband, an ailing parent, a problem with substance abuse. We simply don’t know. Few people have perfect lives. And that’s fine. And we are fine. Just as we are.
Ask for help
There are many forms of help out there. Talking to a qualified experienced therapist about your thought patterns can be liberating in itself. Learning how to retrain your thought patterns can be rewarding and life changing. Solution Focused methods guide the individual to look at how a future life could be without the struggle of self-criticism, and to find building blocks towards that future.
For a no obligation chat about Solution Focused Hypnotherapy, call or email.
1 Besser, A., Flett, G. L., Guez, J., & Hewitt, P. L. (2008). Perfectionism, Mood, and Memory for Positive, Negative, and Perfectionistic Content. Individual Differences Research, 6(4).
2 Werner-Seidler, A., & Moulds, M. L. (2012). Mood repair and processing mode in depression. Emotion, 12(3), 470.
3 Morris, N. (2003). Health, well-being and open space. Edinburgh: Edinburgh College of Art and Heriot-Watt University.
With thanks for the images to Niklas Hamann, Andre Hunter, Jonas Vincent, Josephine Baran, Debby Hudson, Nick Fewings and the team at www.unsplash.com
Hypnotherapy – Myth or medicine?
Posted on February 11, 2020 by nowflourishblog
When you think of hypnosis, you may imagine the stereotype stage hypnotists, using hypnosis to manipulating suspects into behaving in unexpected or embarrassing ways, to the delight of the audience.
As many people now know, this depiction is far from the hypnosis used in clinical hypnotherapy to help people overcome mind-body related problems such as anxiety, low mood and unwanted habits.
So, what exactly are hypnosis and hypnotherapy?
“The best bridge between despair and hope is a good night’s sleep.”
Hypnotherapy comes from the Greek words for sleep and healing. Superficially then, ‘hypnotherapy’ is healing through sleep.However, hypnosis is not an exact equivalent to sleep, but more accurately mimics the part of the sleep process known as Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep. The speed of brain waves was first explored in 1929 by Hans Berger using an EEG machine and it is now known that the slow brainwaves labelled ‘Theta’ relate both to REM sleep and to the hypnotic state. In this state, we are withdrawn from the outside world and focused on our state within. This state may be accompanied by vivid imagery and physical phenomena such as eye catalepsy (perceived inability to open the eyes).
It is a common misconception that the subject is under the control of the hypnotherapist. This is not the case. Subjects who do not wish to undergo hypnotherapy are not susceptible to it.
The other misconception is that hypnosis is exactly the same as sleep. On the contrary, a hypnotic state is a condition of acute focus.
So far, so comprehensible. But why is this mental state important for personal change?
“I cannot say whether things will get better if we change; what I can say is that they must change if they are to get better.”
A study by researchers at Stanford University in July 2016 examined what happens in the brain during hypnosis. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to view brain activity in 57 subjects in hypnosis1. Changes were observed in three specific areas of the brain:
1. Reduced connectivity between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (part of the control system involved in planning and decision making) and the posterior cingulate cortex (the part of the system which is during self-monitoring).
2. Increased connectivity between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the insula (the part of the significance network involved in identifying and controlling internal bodily processes).
3. Reduced activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (part of the system involved in the appraisal of errors and worrying).
This shows that a hypnotic state is a very real construct and points to the science behind what hypnotherapists have observed and its physical basis.
Essentially, we are lest self-conscious, more available to learning and less anxious during hypnosis.
“Imagination is the beginning of creation.”
So, what does a hypnotised person actually experience? Usually, suggestibility, relaxation and heightened imagination. The subject is aware or semi-aware of their surroundings, but is in a similar state to daydreaming, becoming absorbed in internal stimuli. Subjects report a wide range of phenomena from visual colours and patterns, being ‘absent’ some or all of the time, feeling unusual body symptoms such as weightlessness. The important thing is that all experience is valid and normal. Just as we all experience reality differently, so we experience hypnosis differently. There is no right or wrong.
Hypnotic states are a common and natural occurrence in everyday life; driving to the supermarket while being unaware of the route taken is one example. However, without the ‘therapy’ side of the process, the unconscious primitive part of the mind is not subject to change.
The therapist’s suggestions, provided they are in tune with those of the subject, are the key to change.
“Until you make the unconscious conscious, it will direct your life and you will call it fate.”
The danger it perceives, however, is both physical and psychological. That’s to say that it does not discriminate between real physical threat and the negative thoughts that are said to be ‘all in the mind’. Dismissing them as such is doing a disservice to the sufferer of mental health problems. The unconscious responds to threat of all kinds by triggering a true physical response.
Panic attacks2, agoraphobia3, migraine4, IBS5 and skin conditions6 are just a handful of conditions triggered or worsened by the unconscious mind.
During hypnotherapy, the suggestions of the therapist are taken on board by the unconscious mind as if they were physical reality. Imagery and sensation can be experienced by the subject along with spontaneous impressions that haven’t been specifically mentioned.
A hypnotised subject is relaxed and absorbed in their inner life, modifying or erasing their usual concerns in the same way as reading a good book or watching a film might achieve.
The therapist’s suggestions then become easy to embrace. Current thinking is that hypnosis allows the therapist to work with the unconscious mind directly7. Usually, we are not aware of the unconscious (the clue’s in the name!) but we know that the unconscious is working behind the scenes to ensure automatic functions are preserved. During sleep, the conscious mind is dormant, and the unconscious is active.
The unconscious controls your sensations and your emotions. When the door to the unconscious is opened, those feelings can be triggered by the therapist, for example, to bring calm feelings to those who suffer panic attacks and feelings of empowerment to those with phobias.
The unconscious mind also stores memories. Past events may be accessed more readily and links between the past and the present uncovered or remembered more vividly.
“Almost all people are hypnotics.”
The thorny question of how we can demonstrate that someone has entered ‘another state’ is often something asked of hypnotherapists. The idea of ‘going under’ is to misunderstand the reality of hypnotherapy.
In a number of studies, the physical signs of hypnosis have been compared with those who have not been hypnotised8:
- Catalepsy – rigidity of the body, or part of it, in position
- Eyelid fluttering
- Slowing of respiration
- Smoothing of facial muscles
- Reduction or absence of swallow reflex
- Inner absorption
- Response attentiveness
- Some or all of these phenomena may be seen by the therapist.
Researchers have also examined the changes to the cerebral cortex that happen during hypnosis. (Obviously, the therapist is not aware of this). Interestingly, hypnotic subjects showed lower activity in the left hemisphere, while activity in the right hemisphere increased. The left hemisphere of the cortex is considered to be the rational control centre of the brain. It works on reasoning and logic. The right hemisphere, on the other hand, is responsible for imagination and creativity. So, a lower functioning left hemisphere fits the premise that hypnosis reduces inhibition, while a higher functioning right hemisphere suggests that the unconscious takes the lead being a creative and spontaneous entity.
The over-riding question for the therapist, however, is not whether the subject is experiencing trance, but whether they are experiencing change. If you were given three types of tablet by your GP, would you wonder, once you felt better, which one of the tablets was responsible or whether you just recovered spontaneously?
“You use hypnosis not as a cure but as a means of establishing a favorable climate in which to learn.”
Trance is encouraged when the subject is positive about the experience, there is rapport with the therapist and feels comfortable9. The therapist should therefore initially have taken a history and conversed with the subject to ensure they feel relaxed and comfortable about safety and confidentiality as well as trusting the therapist. The subject is then, most often using muscle relaxation and visualisation into a pleasant state of calm, deepening into trance.
Hypnotherapy is used for a wide variety of applications, including anxiety and depression, physical symptoms of mental distress, and unwanted habits. A change of mental perspective, rather than a change in superficial behaviour, is the key to permanent change. In the same way that an unpleasant sensation, emotion or habit can become ‘anchored’ in the subject’s unconscious, similarly calm, pleasant emotions and positive habits can be attached in the unconscious through hypnotic techniques.
During professional sessions, the therapist may work with long standing personal problems such as irrational fears. The mind-body link can also be used to use hypnotherapy to reduce physical pain such as that experienced during labour, for example. There is also evidence that hypnotherapy has helped cancer patients manage the side effects of treatment with the hypnotised group experiencing faster surgery recovery times and less analgesia10.
Although more research is needed to verify the efficacy of hypnotherapy in some areas, a recent literature review in the effectiveness of hypnotherapy11 indicate positive outcomes for subjects. Based on that data, Dr Leon W Cowen suggests that hypnotherapy is already established as a beneficial part of some treatment programmes and should be contemplated within treatment protocols for a wide array of disorders. He concludes that ‘overall hypnosis interventions were considered safe, effective, clinically valuable and statistically significant.’
1 Jiang, H., White, M. P., Greicius, M. D., Waelde, L. C., & Spiegel, D. (2016). Brain Activity and Functional Connectivity Associated with Hypnosis. Cerebral Cortex.
2 Locke, A., Kirst, N., & Shultz, C. G. (2015). Diagnosis and management of generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder in adults. American family physician, 91(9), 617-624.
3 Porter, E., & Chambless, D. L. (2015). A systematic review of predictors and moderators of improvement in cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic disorder and agoraphobia. Clinical Psychology Review, 42, 179-192.
4 Dikmen, P. Y., Yavuz, B. G., & Aydinlar, E. I. (2015). The relationships between migraine, depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep disturbances. Acta Neurologica Belgica, 115(2), 117-122.
5 Pellissier, S., & Bonaz, B. (2017). The place of stress and emotions in the irritable bowel syndrome. In Vitamins and hormones (Vol. 103, pp. 327-354). Academic Press.
6 Lin, T. K., Zhong, L., & Santiago, J. L. (2017). Association between Stress and the HPA Axis in the Atopic Dermatitis. International journal of molecular sciences, 18(10), 2131.
7 Palfi, B., Parris, B. A., McLatchie, N., Kekecs, Z., & Dienes, Z. (2018). Can unconscious intentions be more effective than conscious intentions? Test of the role of metacognition in hypnotic response. Cortex.
8 https://britishhypnosisresearch.com/recognising-the-minimal-cues-of-trance/ Accessed 10th February 2020
9 Fit, A. P. (2017). Hypnosis and Clinical Social Work Practice. Social Work Treatment: Interlocking Theoretical Approaches.
10 Singh, P., & Chaturvedi, A. (2015). Complementary and alternative medicine in cancer pain management: a systematic review. Indian journal of palliative care, 21(1), 105.
11 Cowen, L. (2016). Literature Review into the Effectiveness of Hypnotherapy. ACR Journal 10 (Volume 1). Pages 1-55
With thanks to Jonas Verstuyft, Johannes Plenio, Caleb Woods, Hendrik Morkel, Chris Lawton, Karly Santiago at www.unsplash.com for images.
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What is positive thinking and how can it work for you?
If positive thinking were that easy, we would all have adopted it and the levels of depression, anxiety and loneliness would be lower than they are.
But the benefits of positive thinking are real, but not in the simplistic way one might think.
Early psychology looked at issues of mental health as a disease, focusing on what was wrong. Later models began to look at why some people managed to stay hopeful in the face of difficulty, why some people are better at bouncing back from defeat than others. What are those inner resources and how can we find them?
Positive psychology looks at resilience, courage, hope and spirituality. But the link between positive thinking and positive outcomes is not just a matter of denying the negative and pretending our challenges don’t exist.
The most simplistic views of positive thinking lead us to believe that our problems are self-inflicted and if only we could ‘think more positively’, everything would be fine. This leads us to feeling guilty that we haven’t ‘tried hard enough’. The pressure to think positively can also lead us to believe that we aren’t, in our depressed, anxious state, the people that our loved ones want us to be. The subconscious message is “we would love you more if you were different”. That message can cause people to stop talking about their problems and turn inwards.
In cognitive behavioural therapy, we are encouraged to look at our thoughts, identify which unhelpful patterns they belong to, and then find opposite thoughts and finally the balanced thought in the centre of the two polarities.
Positive thinking is there effective when it can show us how untrue our negative thinking is, opening our minds to new possibilities.
So how can we harness the power of the positive?
Mindfulness helps you become aware that you have the power to respond, or not, to your thoughts. There’s less of a knee jerk reaction – this makes me sad, that makes me angry – and more of an opportunity to be present with thoughts and decide how to respond to them.
Gratitude is useful for recognising what is already going right in your world. A daily round up of the best things in our lives is good for mental health. And it can be something very small. The smell of the first grass cuttings in summer, the taste of a good soup, time spent with a pet.
Keeping a diary of our negative thoughts helps create a place where we can see he positive side of life. You can also write out the opposite thought and find a balanced one in between the two.
Visualising creates a positive emotional state, enabling us to go to a peaceful happy place in our soul and absorb and remember those thoughts and feelings.
Solution Focused Hypnotherapy uses these techniques to create a positive image of the future – instead of this particular state, how would it be if life were better for you? How would you feel? Can you imagine that sensation? And from this we can draw out how we could make a start on bringing that about, breaking down the task into small achievable units. Hypnosis helps the individual to implant the suggestion of positivity into their subconscious through deep relaxation and post hypnotic suggestion.
For more information on Solution Focused Hypnotherapy, contact your local registered hypnotherapist at www.hypnotherapy-directory.org.uk
Call for a no obligation chat or email me.
10 Unusual Reasons It’s Time to Talk to a Hypnotherapist
Everyone understands that issues such as bereavement and divorce could be natural candidates for emotional support and professional help, but there are other less obvious issues that might indicate it’s time to see a hypnotherapist.
Do you often feel that no-one understands you?
If you have reached adulthood and have these feelings, it could be related to identity, childhood problems, trauma or difficulties in communication.
It’s worth a chat with your hypnotherapist who will guide you in imagining life differently and move towards a brighter future.
Do you find relationships hard to sustain?
Relationships are one of the hardest things we do. The question is always the same – how do we continue to be our authentic selves, while being part of a couple? Fear of losing independence or mismatches in needs for intimacy can cause difficulties and if things don’t fall into place, seeking help from a hypnotherapist can be the right choice.
Your hypnotherapist can help you look at your priorities in relationships and how you communicate and guide you to make new choices for yourself.
Are you always tired?
If you’ve visited your GP and there’s no obvious reason for constant fatigue, it could be a sign of depression. A depressive style of thinking focuses on the negative in life and when we do that, our unconscious mind tells us that this is the reality of life. Our thoughts dictate our feelings and our feelings are our benchmark of wellbeing.
Your hypnotherapist can help you find your way back to the positive in your life and visualise a happier future, cementing it into your unconscious mind.
Are you in an unhappy relationship you just can’t leave?
This kind of behaviour can often be a sign of low self-esteem or dependency. Seeing a relationship end can make an individual feel they have failed or that they are not worthy of love or likely to find love again.
These thoughts are common, and hypnotherapy can help you find new patterns of thinking that will help you make decisions about your relationship.
Do you have physical symptoms with no obvious cause?
Palpitations, poor sleep, skin and digestive problems can be signs of emotional ill health. The mind and the body are closely linked – eczema sufferers and those with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) often report that stressful times will worsen these symptoms. Our physical self can be the barometer of our state mind.
Hypnotherapy will never harm you. As a safe and natural process, it can help you learn the skills of deep relaxation, which you can use even after sessions are finished.
Do you say ‘always’ and ‘never’?
This style of thinking is known as ‘black and white’. Thinking in extremes and having doom-laden thoughts are a sign of negative thinking, linked to low mood.
“This always happens to me” or “I never have good luck” are typical phrases. Your hypnotherapist can guide you back to a time when bad things didn’t happen or when you did actually have a piece of good luck.
This style of thinking is learned and can be unlearned; the hypnosis process helps to cement new learning in the mind.
Have you recently had a life change?
New job, new house, new partner – it can all seem exciting until the come-down when you might feel lost, isolated or disconnected.
If you’ve been struggling for a while, reach out to your professional hypnotherapist who can help you see through the negative feelings.
Are you just a boy/girl who can’t say no?
When your brain says “no, I’d rather not”, but your mouth says “yes, that would be great”, it can be a sign that you are pleasing others because you aren’t considering your own needs as worthy.
If you don’t have personal boundaries, you end up ministering to everyone else’s needs, at the expense of your own, which can leave you feeling drained and unhappy.
Hypnotherapy can help you change this thought pattern and take back control.
Do you wake in the small hours with palpitations?
Night anxiety can be a sign of anxiety from the day that we have overlooked or suppressed. Finding the cause of anxiety, which might not be a physical cause, but can be to do with thought patterns, can help restore your sleep.
Monday morning blues?
Work stress is often a part of life. We don’t like our work, our colleagues, the commute, whatever, yet sometimes we lack to confidence to make change because we have to work with those people day in day out.
Hypnosis and the associated talking are very useful for workplace issues, helping you escape from the ‘hamster wheel’ of negative thoughts which are never resolved.
For a no obligation chat, email or call.
Panic disorder and Agoraphobia
Panic disorder affects thousands of people and can be very debilitating. People with panic disorder have sudden and repeated attacks of intense fear that last for several minutes or much longer.
If you think that sounds like small beer, imagine the feeling of stepping out into the road without looking and discovering a bus is about to hit you at speed. That’s how it is, not for a merciful split second, but for minutes or longer.
The subconscious mind cannot distinguish between ‘real’ and ‘theoretical’ danger which is why the symptoms are so intense. What’s more, the conscious, rational mind has no hold over the subconscious, which is why knowing that a (spider, hairbrush, button, trip to the corner shop....) cannot actually inflict physical harm on you doesn’t actually help.
Panic attacks are characterized by a fear of catastrophe, death or of losing control even when there is no ‘real’ danger. A person may believe they are having a heart attack and may dread the possibility of having another attack. This in turn may lead to the person’s life becoming affected by the fear. This fear of fear itself can mean that a person begins to avoid the trigger places or situations where they had the attack. They may also feel ashamed of themselves and cover the reasons for the avoidance behaviour with a ‘more acceptable’ excuse.
No-one knows why people suffer from panic disorder. Stress and environmental factors may play a role; some people may just be ‘hard-wired’ for panic disorder.
People with panic disorder may have sudden and repeated panic attacks, a feeling of catastrophe or being out of control, worry about the next attack, avoidance behaviour. The fear may manifest as sweating, a pounding heart, chest pain, tingling extremities, faintness or headache, or digestive disturbance.
Panic disorder affects around 590,000 people in the UK and is twice as common in women as men. Panic attacks often begin in late adolescence or early adulthood, but not everyone who has panic attacks will develop panic disorder. Many people have just one attack and never have another.
Diagnosis Panic attacks can occur at any time, even during sleep. It usually peaks within a few minutes, but some symptoms can last much longer. People who have full-blown, repeated panic attacks can become very disabled by their condition and should seek help before they start to avoid places or situations where panic attacks have happened. Some people’s lives become so restricted that they avoid normal activities, such as shopping or driving. Some become housebound or need to be accompanied by a partner or friend to face the situation. When the condition gets to this stage, it’s known as agoraphobia, which literally translated, means a fear of open spaces.
Early treatment can prevent people moving from panic attack to panic disorder and from panic disorder to agoraphobia. People can sometimes visit the doctor repeatedly for years before their condition is correctly diagnosed.
But sufferers should take heart, because panic disorder is a very treatable kind of anxiety disorder, responding in many cases to cognitive and hypnotherapy which together help change thinking patterns that lead to anxiety and provide strategies for combatting the onset of panic attacks. Panic disorder can be accompanied by other problems, such as depression, drug abuse, or alcoholism and these need to be treated separately.
Panic disorder and agoraphobia can be treated with medication, which usually comes with side effects, or with therapies which don’t.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (which teaches people to think differently about situations) and hypnotherapy, which provides a way of ‘tuning in’ to people’s natural ability to relax and helping them develop and use it on occasions previously perceived as difficult. Hypnotherapy also relaxes the conscious mind to the point where the individual can take on positive suggestions which can be recreated in trigger situations, breaking down the fear of fear cycle and returning sufferers to a happier, calmer state of mind.
For a no obligation chat, email or call.